smooth bromegrass wikipedia

Bromus inermis, Variety Not Stated Smooth Brome, Variety Not Stated. Media in category "Bromus inermis"The following 77 files are in this category, out of 77 total. Although less invasive than Kentucky bluegrass, with which it often occurs and is managed, it is also less responsive to management. Forms an extensive sod by rhizomes. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. It is used for pasture, hay and haylage. • Arctic brome – English [Bromus inermis subsp. However, the native brome grows in small bunches, whereas smooth brome grows in large homogenous monocultures. This name is also applied to,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 October 2019, at 04:21. Smooth brome, is a leafy, sod-forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. The grass is highly palatable and is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content. However, mixtures with legumes that will not be harvested before 1/10 bloom are excellent. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Rescue grass (B. catharticus), a winter annual introduced from South America into the United States as a forage and pasture grass, and smooth brome (B. inermis), a perennial native to Eurasia and introduced into the northern United States as a forage plant and soil binder, are … The leaves are glabrous or occasionally pubescent, particularly on the sheaths; blades 20 to 38 cm (8 to 15 in) long, 0.6 to 1.3 cm (1⁄4 to 1⁄2 in) wide, flat, with a raised and keeled midrib below; sheaths closed, except near collar, and papery when dry; leaves rolled in the bud; ligates up to 0.3 cm (1⁄8 in) long, rounded, and membranous; auricles absent. They are commonly known as bromes, brome grasses, cheat grasses or chess grasses. Learn how and when to remove this template message, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The grass genera of the world: descriptions, illustrations, identification, and information retrieval; including synonyms, morphology, anatomy, physiology, phytochemistry, cytology, classification, pathogens, world and local distribution, and references", "A worldwide phylogenetic classification of the Poaceae (Gramineae) II: An update and a comparison of two 2015 classifications",, Articles needing additional references from August 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 June 2020, at 14:41. In the extreme western counties bromegrass-alfalfa pastures are numerous on irrigated land. Others, such as meadow brome (Bromus riparius), native to parts of Russia, are planted as forage in the Great Plains of North America. It becomes semidormant during the hot, dry summer months. Broadcasting brome on the surface with shallow incorporation can result in good stands of brome. "Smooth brome" redirects here. The caterpillars of some Lepidoptera use Bromus as a foodplant, such as the chequered skipper (Carterocephalus palaemon). Estimates in the scientific literature of the number of species have ranged from 100 to 400, but plant taxonomists currently recognize around 160–170 species. Introduced from Asia and Europe, smooth bromegrass is a cool-season perennial grass with a sod-forming growth habit. This page was last edited on 16 June 2018, at 18:39. Bromus is closely related to the wheat-grass lineage (tribe Triticeae) that includes such economically important genera as Triticum (wheat), Hordeum (barley) and Secale (rye). pumpellianus] Meadow Brome (Meadow Bromegrass) is an introduced, long lived cool season perennial. It does well in deep, well drained, moist soils. There are considerable morphological differences between some species, while the morphological differences between others (usually those species that are closely related) are subtle and difficult to distinguish. Bromus is distinguished from other grass genera by a combination of several morphological characteristics, including leaf sheaths that are closed (connate) for most of their length, awns that are usually inserted subapically, and hairy appendages on the ovary. Bromus inermis, smooth brome, is a leafy, sod- forming, perennial, cool season grass that spreads by rhizomes. Drilling smooth brome seed is the preferred method of seeding. The stems vary in height from 2 to 4 feet. Grazing/Hayland: The primary use of meadow brome is for forage production. Smooth Brome is a perennial grass native to Europe that was introduced to the United States in the late 1800’s. Extension Agronomist E xcept in the range areas bromegrass has become Nebraska's leading pasture grass, especially in the eastern half of the state. Bromus species occur in many habitats in temperate regions of the world, including Africa, America, Australia and Eurasia. Some are useful to prevent erosion but such use must be cautiously controlled as most Bromus have the ability to spread, becoming invasive weeds. It is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content. If grasses and legumes don't make a good recovery, you're headed for a midsummer pasture slump. Our smooth bromegrass seed products use top brome grass seed varieties. Smooth bromegrass is a cool-season introduced grass with an advanced root system that tolerates temperature extremes and drought exceptionally well. Introduced as a forage plant from Eurasia over 130 years ago, its drought tolerance fast-tracked its popularity after the Dust Bowl era. It establishes easily and rapidly, which has It is compatible with alfalfa or other adapted legumes. It matures somewhat later in the spring than orchardgrass and makes less summer growth than orchardgrass. Smooth brome looks very similar to a native brome. If smooth bromegrass pastures are grazed in the spring and fall, split applications of nitrogen fertilizer, putting down 80% in early May and 20% in early September, will produce more desirable results. This grass-legume combination is highly productive on irrigated As such, the taxonomy of the genus is complicated. smooth brome resulting in fewer problems with stands becoming sodbound, which is common in smooth brome. Taxonomists have generated various classification schemes to reflect the morphological variation that is seen in Bromus. Smooth Bromegrass Smooth bromegrass is one of the most productive and palatable forage grasses available. Introduced to the United States from Turkey in 1949. In North America, five morphologically similar groups of species, called sections, are generally recognized: Bromus, Genea, Ceratochloa, Neobromus, and Bromopsis. Adapted to soils with fine to medium texture. [4] The Tarahumara Indians in northern Mexico use the grains of some native Bromus species to aid fermentation in making one of their cultural beverages. Smooth bromegrass is a long-lived perennial, sod-forming grass that grows best during months with cool weather, primarily March through June and September through November. Smooth bromegrass is a common pasture and hay grass in the northern United States and Canada, but not in the southeastern United States, as it does … It is deep-rooted and spreads by underground rhizomes. Sections Bromus and Genea are native to the Old World (Eurasia), but many species are introduced into North America. It is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. It is highly palatable and widely used for hay, pasture and forage production. In areas with significant spring frost and little snow cover, meadow brome is a much better species selection than orchardgrass. Most production occurs during the spring growth period, generally peaking in May through early June. It is high in protein content and relatively low in crude-fiber content. This restriction on harvesting makes bromegrass unsuitable in mixture with alfalfa that will be harvested at the bud stage. Smooth brome is a cool season exotic that is especially troublesome in disturbed portions of old pastures in the tallgrass and mixed prairie regions. It produces well in areas with spring frost such as high mountain valleys. The leaf blades and sheaths, which comprise the leaves can be hairless, sparsely hairy or hairy. Bromegrass in Nebraska . The plant produces numerous basal and stem leaves that vary in length from 4 to 10 inches. Meadow Brome is highly palatable to all classes of livestock and wildlife. βρομός and bromos mean oats, but βρομός seems to have referred specifically to Avena sativa (Hippocrates On Regimen in Acute Diseases 2.43, Dioscorides Medicus 2.94, Polemo Historicus 88) and Avena barbata (Theophrastus Historia Plantarum 8.9.2, Pseudo-Dioscorides 4.137). Bromus is a large genus of grasses, classified in its own tribe Bromeae. Produces a deep root system which helps it tolerate heat and drought, and can grow up to four feet tall. Bromus inermis is a species of the true grass family (Poaceae). Farmers who follow rotation grazing, and those It is widely used in mixtures with legumes for pasture, hay, or silage. This rhizomatous grass is native to Europe. Very winter hardy. Considered aggressive, as it tends to crowd out other species over time. D. L. GROSS . It starts growth in early spring; flowers May to July; reproduces from seeds, tillers, and rhizomes. This sod-forming perennial grass spreads rapidly through seeds and rhizomes causing pastures and rangeland in Central South Dakota to be increasingly dominated by this grass year after year. Brome is a cool-season grass, which means that it is actively growing at fairly cool temperatures in the spring. Within Pooideae, Bromus is classified in tribe Bromeae (it is the only genus in the tribe). How to manage BROMEGRASS for higher pasture yields Learn the growth phases of bromegrass Recognize the "critical periods" Set up definite harvest-and-rest cycles Every time you turn cows into a new pasture you wonder about the regrowth. Sections Bromopsis, Neobromus, and Ceratochloa have several native species in North America. … General Product Information: Item Number: BROINE01 Species Type: Naturalized Smooth brome emerges early in the season and forms dense cover in grasslands, roadsides, ditches, and moist wooded areas. Bromus is part of the cool-season grass lineage (subfamily Pooideae), which includes about 3300 species. It prefers pH between 5.8 and 6.5. Over-fertilization of smooth bromegrass also can cause problems. Erosion control: Since the plant has a … History of Introduction: Smooth brome is an introduced grass from Europe, China and Siberia that is now considered to be naturalized in the United States. The generic name Bromus is derived from the Latin bromos, a borrowed word from the Ancient Greek βρομός (bromós). The plant is characterized by an erect, leafy, long-lived perennial, 46 to 91 cm (1 1⁄2 to 3 ft) tall, rhizomatous and commonly producing a dense sod. The generic name comes from avēna, a native Latin word for "oats" or "wild oats". When used in pasture mixtures, a faster recovering grass such as orchardgrass should be included to increase grass content. Meadow brome is very winter hardy. Smooth bromegrass is a cool-season introduced grass that spreads rapidly through seeds and rhizomes. This is somewhat later than would be recommended f… Smooth brome was first introduced in the United Smooth Bromegrass - Bromus inermis - A cool-season forage grass that is used extensively in nothern areas for early season pasture.

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