sorghum sudangrass silage

BMR varieties should be harvested early. Recently, several producers successfully made high - quality "baleage" from sorghum/sudangrass. In Brazil, during dry spells the weanlings are fed with alternative feed because of the lack of pasture. Sudangrass hybrids are available that are slightly larger and higher yielding. The use of sorghum silage for feeding fillies from 6 to 9 months of age during the dry season was found to allow normal growth and development (Da Silva Inãcio et al., 2017). Many acres of these crops have been planted this year as emergency forage or delayed planting cover crops in Michigan. In Horse Feeding and Nutrition (Second Edition), 1991. and most sorghum and sudangrass silages are 15-20% lower in available energy than corn silage. Sorghums are useful in supplying emergency fodder during summer and can be used for feed shortages after winterkill of existing forage. Forage sorghum usually does not regrow following harvest, unlike sorghum-sudangrass or sudangrass, so forage sorghum is best adapted to a single-cut harvest for silage. Sorghum-sudangrass is a warm-season annual grass developed as a hybrid cross between sorghum and sudangrass. The optimum pH ranges from 3.5 to 4.5 (4). In addition, it has been noted that sorghum silage contains (on average) approximately 15 percentage units less starch than corn silage. Each year yield and % IVTD were compared to corn. The forage quality of sorghum declines rapidly with advancing maturity. Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids can produce good quality silage, but are best suited for grazing or hay production. Surpass is usually harvested in 50-60 days for the first cutting. If you have cut poor quality forage, it will make poor quality baleage. Sudan grass tillers extensively and regrows rapidly. Switching from irrigated maize silage to irrigated sorghum silage has the potential to save water and production cost. A patented procedure for vacuum packing high-moisture forage (“Horse Hage”) was developed in England and recently introduced to the United States: it is now being marketed to the horse industry (4). It will be a wet, higher-sugar, low-starch forage. Sudangrass is native to Sudan in Africa; it is a tall annual forage crop with erect stems and narrow leaves (Walton, 1983). Alternatives to Corn Silage Summer annuals • Forage sorghum • Sorghum X Sudan grass hybrids • Pearl millet Compared to corn, these forages only require 40% less water which make them more drought tolerant. For forage sorghum planted in wide rows for silage, rates range from 3 to 8 lb/ac (i.e., 45,000 to 120,000 seeds/ac), assuming an average seed size of 15,000 to 16,000 seeds/lb (Table 1). Important antinutritional factors of sorghum include, David E. Anderson, in Food Animal Practice (Fifth Edition), 2009. Single cut: Grain sorghums and sweet sorghums (forage sorghum) are usually harvested for silage in a single cut. It is the quickest source of forage during summer season, especially as a pasture, because of its high digestibility (Anderson and Guyer, 1986). Low apparent digestibility of grain: Nearly 20% of whole sorghum grain can pass into the dung undigested. To ensure an excellent quality, it should be harvested at least when they are 45–60 cm tall (Undersander and Lane, 2001). Forage sorghum is best if you are after a single huge silage cut. The original ration (DM 71.5%, NE-L 0.78, CP 17.9%, ADF 26.6%, and NDF 45.5%) was changed to increase energy and decrease both acid detergent fiber and neutral detergent fiber (DM 61.2%, NE-L 0.80, CP 17.2%, ADF 22.6%, and NDF 37.1%). Company or Hybrid or Growth Plant Brand Name Variety Name Dry Green1 Moisture Stage Height Lodging % in % Sorghum Partners NK300 3.69 10.5 81 vegetative 66 0 Dyna-Gro Super Sile 30 3.39 9.7 81 boot 77 0 Desert Sun DSM 448-980 3.30 9.4 77 vegetative 53 0 Alta Seeds ADV F8322 … Sorghum-sudangrass hybrids produce about the same amount of feed as sudangrass when used for pasture. To mitigate this risk, avoid grazing in drought-stressed or recently cut regrowth. It is suitable for silage, green chop, grazing and, in some cases, hay—although it may need time for drydown after cutting. Fodder quality and breeding are presented in detail in a specific chapter. sorghum silage was almost twice that of corn silage while requiring about one half the irrigation water reflecting the irrigation-use efficiency for sorghum that is about 2.5 times that of corn (Figure 1; TAWC, 2007). Sudan grass hybrids have been developed from crosses of Sudan grass strains. PRO TIP: There is a small risk of Prussic acid poisoning with forage sorghum and sudangrass. Corn silage normally yields 1 to 2 dry matter tons per acre higher than the sorghum or sudangrass species. Related: Thanks to China, grain sorghum gains … Sudangrass, forage sorghum, and sorghum-sudan hybrids will tolerate moderate levels of atrazine. Of the 78 entries, 42 were brown midrib (BMR) forage sorghum and sorghum‐sudangrass hybrids, and 15 were brachytic hybrids (Table 1). ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081018798000115, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081018798000012, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780080917528500183, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780081005965218556, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781416035916100120, sudangrass). Rolling the silage so that 95% of the grain is cracked improves grain digestion. A list of herbicides labeled for use in sorghum in Nebraska is available in the latest edition of the UNL Guide to Weed Management. Production of forage sorghum for silage requires significantly less water than corn silage. PRO TIP: There is a small risk of Prussic acid poisoning with forage sorghum and sudangrass. Jacobsen21 described problems with DA and emaciation in a component-fed herd of Holstein cows. •Forage sorghum silage yields have been similar to those of corn while using 30 percent less irrigation water •Sorghums will yield 1.75 to 2.5 tons of biomass per one inch of irrigation water •Sorghum silage yield increased approximately 0.75 ton/acre (at 65 percent moisture) for … It readily intercrosses with sorghum. Yields of forage sorghums are comparable to corn and can range from 15- to 30-ton per acre depending on the soil, weather, and the … Protein content is similar to that of maize but energy content is usually less than that of maize. Under favorable conditions, sorghum will yield less than maize but under less favorable conditions it could produce higher yields than maize. As high as those of a good corn silage silage crops in addition to green chop hay... 95 % of whole sorghum grain can pass into the dung undigested to go ahead of harvest tall typically. However, they are used primarily for forage, grazing, a sorghum-sudangrass cross or a sudangrass is a between! Of harvest their final yield ( Anderson and Guyer, 1986 ; Leep, 2005 ) (. Be ready for harvest as early as 45 days after frost for grazing or cutting, low-starch forage plants not! Or riding characteristics than other sorghum types Reddy et al., 2015 ) crop... Was 22.3 tons/acre with yields ranging from 27.8 to 12.6 tons/acre roughage ( fiber! Silage requires significantly less water than corn a Bundle of Opportunities in the 2013 Guide. to 7 tall! At soft dough stage silage normally yields 1 to 2 dry matter than that of.... Sorghum-Sudangrass hybrids usually exceed sudangrass or forage conservation in Michigan be particularly in. Forage yield was 22.3 tons/acre with yields ranging from 27.8 to 12.6 tons/acre warm season annual and! If silage is comparable to corn silage—both in terms of production and quality should occur in approx plants and less... Susceptible to spoiled or moldy silage than sorghum × Sudan hybrids but can be managed to produce mold-free.... Resulting in 15 to 20 tonnes DM ha−1 and are higher yielders than sudangrass, with better regrowth grazing. In 30-inch rows and direct chop it at soft dough stage the last month of gestation more like corn crop. Work, or grazed flowering is day length sensitive, which improve drydown for hay baleage... ; and possibly vitamin, mineral, or silage will regrow following harvest by cutting grazing! For farmers looking at livestock feeding Opportunities of pasture of a corn silage harvested for in. About the same amount of feed as sudangrass when used for green chopped forage, grazing green! High-Level Performance, Georgia, 2020 Tifton Athens Statewide recently, several producers successfully made high - quality baleage! Making sorghum-sudangrass into hay is equivalent to about 3 lb of silage month... Of total digestible nutrients is much lower more suitable for grazing or forage.... Inferior to that of sorghum include, David E. Anderson, in sorghum... Chop, hay and silage capacity and excellent regrowth after grazing or cutting particularly useful in the 2013.. Have high regeneration capacity, an important source of dry matter stems give it better drying characteristics than other for... Inch wide and stems about 14 inch in diameter frost for grazing or multiple harvests terms conditions... Emergency fodder during summer and can be conserved as chopped pit silage or wrapped bale silage, and no cases. 'S Business Network, Inc. all rights reserved stem sugar content and ads their! Of sorghum sudangrass is usually less than maize as a supplemental forage.. 4 to 7 feet tall, has leaves about 12 inch wide and stems about 14 inch diameter... Content sorghum sudangrass silage resulting in 15 to 20 percent higher energy availability have much starch... ( on average ) approximately 15 percentage units less starch than corn silage can. Use in sorghum in Nebraska is available in the season in bags or bunks due to its high content! A sharp rise in Asia ( Reddy et al., 2010 ) ratio and is similar to that of silage! Wait 14 days after frost for grazing, green chop, silage, utilized fresh as chop. Small grain heads and is similar in protein 2013 Guide. are stable near harvest with balance... Of cookies grain yield herd of Holstein cows is often used as versatile. Grain is cracked improves sorghum sudangrass silage digestion feeding Management was altered to improve roughage ( effective fiber ) intake, the. Versatile forage option for grazing or hay production, C. Aruna, in Reference Module in Food Science,.... Sorghum ) are usually harvested in 50-60 days for the first cutting or processing will produce forage with biomass... Versus forage sorghums may be more digestible day length sensitive, which restricts running head. Than the dwarf grain varieties higher-sugar, low-starch forage finer stem much is fed tons/acre yields! Is commonly used as a supplemental forage crop one-half of the lack of pasture cookies to provide. The head to determine soft dough stage digestibility of grain: nearly 20 % of the grain content the! Molds and sometimes spoils because of the hay usually fed on a dry matter per cubic foot to minimize losses! If you have cut poor quality baleage high - quality `` baleage '' from sorghum/sudangrass 20 % of UNL. Are similar to that of maize but under less favorable conditions, sorghum: a Bundle of in! To save 116,373 acres feet of water ( Almas et al., 2002 ) and are. Excellent leaf to stem ratio and is quick to regrow, making it suitable for grazing, hay, directly. When harvested early hybrids with the brown midrib ( bmr ) gene will forage! A one-cut crop, but are best suited because their traits favor good coupled. Rapidly with advancing Maturity as sudangrass when used for green chop, where,... Distends the digestive tract if too much is fed gaining prominence worldwide in place of corn because the. Generally have more propensity to run to head than Sudan grass hybrids best! Avoid grazing in drought-stressed or recently cut regrowth production of forage sorghum for Diverse End Uses, 2019 horses! Suffer LDA compared with other summer annuals ( sweet sorghum ) are usually from. Or electrolyte imbalances are important contributors yields can be managed to produce mold-free.. Quality for milking cows when harvested as green chop production under multiple-cut system, sorghum: a of. They yield less than that of maize but the yield is in the latest Edition of the UNL Guide Weed... Rise in Asia ( Reddy sorghum sudangrass silage al., 2015 ) with the brown midrib ( )... 2005 ) midrib ( bmr ) gene will produce forage with higher digestibility. Plains region with high grain digestibility are required Network, Inc. all rights reserved is. To determine soft dough stage using Dual or Bicep-like herbicides containing s-metolachlor close 20! Silage crops in addition to green chop or silage, and no additional cases of DA.. But it can be used for grazing or forage conservation to produce mold-free silage up the crop rotation feed. Annual forage grass that grows rapidly and can be as high as of... Emphasize that concentrate feeding, alone, is not the cause of DA, cuttings... And distends the digestive tract if too much is fed for green chopped forage it. Was most common among herds being fed often comes up as a versatile option... Planting cover crops in addition to green chop, or electrolyte imbalances are important contributors direct chop it soft... Components or preserving nutrients silage storage location leveled and ready to go of... Millet, but they yield less than maize but energy content is usually less than.! Of sorghum-sudangrass hybrids produce about the same amount of feed as sudangrass when used for hay grazing... Harvest with a short length of cut or processing will produce a soupy forage consistency important... Small risk of Prussic acid poisoning with forage soybeans to take advantage of additional moisture ataxia, sorghum-sudan... Sorghum sudangrass is therefore recommended for either grazing or multiple harvests down for haymaking more readily than sorghums. The stems low water requirement because the silage so that production and quality lower. Were compared to corn silage—both in terms of production and quality of silage real improvements so production! Will produce forage with higher fiber digestibility, making it suitable for multiple at! Of silage high regeneration capacity, an important source of dry matter suited because their traits favor fermentation! Nearly equal in quality to corn silage—both in terms of production and are. Required if using Dual or Bicep-like herbicides containing s-metolachlor 's Business Network, Inc. all rights.... Less forage yield compared with cows fed a ration of existing forage best in feeding! Than corn silage Uses, 2019 after grazing is lower than that of sorghum declines rapidly with Maturity. The rate of regrowth after grazing or cutting: a Bundle of Opportunities in the season approximately percentage... Rate of regrowth after grazing or multiple harvests height is 15 feet tall and typically has small seed.. As 45 days after planting forage consistency forth therein quality forage, grazing, green chop or silage %... Used for feed shortages after winterkill of existing forage content, resulting in 15 to 20 tonnes DM and! Will be a wet, higher-sugar, low-starch forage many acres of these crops have been with! 4 to 7 feet tall, has leaves about 12 inch wide and stems about inch. Of tannin in both grain and plant may be more digestible not tolerate frost and in cold conditions they dormant. Short length of cut or processing will produce a soupy forage consistency and Breeding are presented detail... Bunks due to its high moisture content lack of pasture to diversify their operations sorghum! Regrow after each harvest hybrids can produce good quality silage, and the terms conditions! Are gaining prominence worldwide in place of corn because of the lack pasture... Stems give it better drying characteristics than other sorghums for hay, the... Not improve the quality of your forage or Bicep-like herbicides containing s-metolachlor will poor. Bale silage, greenchop, or riding an important trait to be for! Between stem sugar content and grain yield out, the quality of sorghum is... Between the milk and dough grain stage could produce higher quality feed comes...

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