Western and eastern cultures typically reflects the point of behavioral differentiations among distinct cultures. Moreover, an individual is also a social subject that is independent of self-determination to express his or her own will, should be reflected and respected. In addition to the persecution in ideology, Annam clan politics considers âThree Moral Bondsâ and âFive Constant Virtuesâ are the pillars of the nation to protect the country, durable families, the development of inward thinking. However, in society there is still a big thing to respect for the general, the community that leads to looking down on the personal; The bureaucracy still lingers, the average ideology and the consequences of the war have made the individual passive and dependent because of his familiarity with the collective and subsidized state; It does not really promote motivation, activeness and creativity of individuals in life and economic development. Traditions, religion, certain rituals, beliefs, outside influences and historical events were all huge factors that greatly influenced the dietary choices and the future development of each of these two cultures. English 201 This is the mainstream trend in social life, accepted by every individual as an apparent truth. Finding Freedom in the East – Alexa Pellegrini . It can be said that the individual, the society and the relationship between them are the major point of the history of Western philosophy's study. 48-481]. Last, but not least, are the differences between German and Chinese problem-solving techniques. However, there are differences between the terms Society and Culture. Join now. At the same time, individualists often limit the external impact that affects their choices, goals, desires. The minimum human need for food, clothing, shelter, and other legitimate needs, once ignored, must now be solved more than ever. In the primitive society, human beings have been living in a community, thereby facilitating the transmission of survival skills and stimulating the evolution progress. Eastern culture bel… Atman was born from Brahman, based on Brahman to exist. 21 April 2015 The king functions as a patriarch according to Montesquieu's assessment âThe Chinese Empire was built on the idea of ruling the family. In China in particular, students follow the learning tradition founded by Confucius, who emphasized the vital role of education in bringing honor to one’s self, family and society. It involves interactions between people, for example verbal communication, non verbal communication and or facial expressions. Ask your question. Social behavior tends to be dictated by the attitudes and preferences of individuals. According to K. Marx, there is no private ownership of land in this mode of production. Locke invoked Hobbes' social contract theory that humans, being âby nature, free, equal, and independentâ 2. choose to live with others and create governments to protect their rights. Brahman is considered to be âthe creative spirit of the supreme universeâ, âthe source of all lightâ, âthe thing from which all things are born, through which all things grow, in which all things enter after dissipatingâ [ 6; p.76]. Entering the period of building feudal independence, autonomy and then being invaded by the old and new colonial forces. To view a copy of this license, visit Activity Write the top five (5) differences between Western and Eastern society, culture and individuals in the table below. Eastern culture has developed many themes and traditions. Individuals and society are historical categories. Individual and the relationship between the individual and society in the Easterners' perception have their socio-economic foundations. A person is an individual who exists objectively, indivisibly and is characterized by personalities, qualities, abilities, needs, and interests. Specifically, the benefit is the use of general cultivation land fund, water resources, resources and communal property of the village. Before the European invasion in the 1700’s, Indigenous, is not true and there is a vast amount of differences among eastern and western religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, and Christianity. It is the link to connect or vice versa that divides members in the collective. However with these similarities also came many differences as well. Throughout the novel Satrapi incorporates character development, religion, and the conflict of freedom vs. confinement in order to develop a greater appreciation between two opposing eastern and western cultures. West Asian religions) . John Locke (1632-1704) was a British philosopher with a famous work âSecond Treatise of Governmentâ (1690). Of course, being a system implies a lot of things are bound, but generally it does its utmost to elevate individual approaches to dealing with unique students. The Socio-economic basis to generalize that thought is the mode of Asian production - one of the important interpretations of K.Marx and F.Engels to the East. John Locke (2005). On the other side, in Eastern education, it’s all about hard work and fighting. Western culture is recognized by any part of the world as a culture in Western Europe rather than America, not Australia, and not Eastern or Southern Europe. Talking about Eastern culture, it is impossible not to mention Japan, a culture that has gained cultural quintessence of other Eastern peoples, and at the same time, preserved the cultural identity to evolve the modern developed country as an international superpower. In each country or nation, in a particular cultural context, the personal-social relationship manifests itself in different ways. The East and West have many differences based on their culture which is reflected in people’s attitude and behavior. Such power had never been seen in the Western world before the Romans. The committee which drafted the Declaration of Independence, led by Thomas Jefferson, adapted Locke's concept of natural rights and social contract as the philosophical rationale for breaking with England. Collected Works, chapter 1, Education Publishing House. This is considered to be a new direction on the issue that has not been deeply researched during this period. When exploring Eastern culture, first of all, it is essential to understand that the Indian and Chinese culture, which have deep roots and continuous development, has a profound influence on the culture of the Eastern peoples. Ho Chi Minh (1995). Under the influence of communal agricultural production, closed economies in villages in a long-term, Eastern cultural thought emphasizes collectivism, the role, and responsibility of individuals towards social life. There, individuals when thinking, acting cannot be anything other than obeying a prescriptive and fixed order. According to Drew Dellinger, the word cosmology has two definitions. Nothing is … K.Marx, F.Engels (2004). Nakane Chie thinks that the basic unit of Japanese society is the people sharing the same âplaceâ and the relationship between individuals in society connected in a longitudinal relationship [ 8; p.5]. It is a dialectical relationship between the individual and society. When the community is highly appreciated, the individuality of the person becomes blurred. In this type of culture, people are seen as independent and autonomous. While the West gives prominence to individuals, self-assertion in any form in Japan is discouraged any nail that pops up will be hammered down. The basic category in the Upanisad is Atman and Brahman. Indian culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world and it spans across the sub-continent.It is the perfect example of unity in diversity and this is the best part of our culture.It is a beautiful blend of various other cultures which exists in our country.Here you will find different cultures surviving together under one culture.Indian culture is a rich combination of religion, traditions, art, dance, customs, language, cuisine etc.Indian cult… For millennia, the Vietnamese people have formed and asserted themselves as a nation. The relationship between the individual and society is objective in life in the essence of the dialectical relationship between the general and the particular; It has both consistency and contradiction. There, individuals willingly sacrificed their own interests to protect the common ones of society; Protection of the common good also resolves the realization of personal interests. The main motive for socio-economic development is the great unity of the entire people, based on the alliance between workers and peasants and intellectuals led by The Communist Party of Vietnam, personal, collective and social. The other power a man has in the state of nature, is the power to punish the crimes committed against that law. In that sense, the individual is aware of their own personality. For thousands of years, China is considered to be the cradle of humankind culture. Individualistic cultures are those that stress the needs of the individual over the needs of the group as a whole. The relationship between Brahman and Atman is essentially a relationship between the general and the particular, in which Brahman is cosmic and Atman is personal. The âAsian mode of productionâ concept is cited by K.Marx in the preface of the book Contributing to the Critique of the Faculty of Economics and Politics (1859). This means you can achieve anything if you work hard enough. Eastern vs. Western Culture Mendy Wang（王曼迪） s we know, the differences between Eastern and Western cultures are numerous, because Eastern and Western people not only live in different environments but also are educated in distinctively different ways. For the East, individuals and the society have traditionally been approached in terms of politics, law, and customs. In the movement, the development of history, the perception and resolution of individual problems, individual roles, the relationship between the individual and the society in Vietnam lies in the nature of Eastern culture. Log in. Cite your sources. When the country is independent, these âheroic individualsâ return to their daily life with worries and hurries. Not only effect by Geographic location also the child background and family environment. National unity must be based on âharmonious settlement of interests among members of societyâ, âaccepting different views not contrary to the common interests of the nationâ. This is the view and direction of the Party, which must be implemented synchronously in the system of socio-economic policies in order to achieve the goal of building the country of Vietnam âThe rich people, the strong country, fair, civilizedâ. This article aims to compare … Accordingly, the study of the author presents in a systematic way, from the foundation of the formation to the manifestations of individual-social relationships in Eastern culture. An individual - a person is an object and a phenomenon that is born, develops in interaction with people in general, not separated from people in general. The spirit of law, Political - Administrative Publishing House, Hanoi, 2013, Hoang Thanh Damâs translation. To the King, the farmer is not only a slave but also a dependent farmer and a tenant. The Collected Works of Marx and F.Engels chapter 13, National Political Publishing House, Hanoi. 1. In fact, this level of consciousness is significant to the Japanese and plays an important role in preserving the social order. That is a big difference between Eastern and Western thinking. If you’ve ever done business in China, you know that eastern individuals feel they cannot conduct business with others until they have established a relationship.They don’t wish to work with strangers, and they don’t form relationships easily. The individuals must abide by social norms and standards in order to survive and develop. Mostly parents select bride for the groom. Disliking antagonism and personal confrontation, the Japanese pay attention to maintain harmony, consensus, face and prestige. And were it not for the corruption and vitiousness of degenerate men, there would be no need of any other; no necessity that men should separate from this great and natural community, and by positive agreements combine into smaller and divided associations. When advocating the social order in society, Confucianism also mentioned the position of the individual. The main form of ownership is special which a directly religious occupation in communities is. With that will, each individual temporarily sacrifices his or her legitimate interests such as love, family and career to fulfill the common interests of the nation. Secondly, in Eastern culture, it is not intended to characterize individuals as strongly as in the Western but to focus on maintaining the harmony among individuals and always put the individual in social relationships. Researching is a new direction when approached from a philosophical perspective. Family is the nucleus of society. In this article “Difference Between Eastern and Western Culture”, author mentions that the main difference between eastern and western is culture. The benefits of the individual, despite not being absolutely neglected, are only noticed in terms of social private relations. In the history of human thought, in different cultures, the study of personal-social relations acquires a great significance because of its decisiveness to human development. Eastern culture has a circular view of the universe that is based upon the perception of eternal recurrence whereas Western culture has a linear view of the universe that is based on the Christian philosophy that everything has a beginning and an end. Montesquieu (2013). An important method to achieve liberation is yoga, which is the word that is to connect, to harmonize, to unite Atman with Brahman. In Vietnam, the fragmented agricultural economy with households is a form of basic economic organization that requires the rally of families. There is no doubt that the similarities between them are obvious, yet the focus of Eastern philosophy is in society whereas Western’s is in universe. Individuals who appear in social life are not independent individuals but parts of social relationships (family, school, company). Western culture that is different from Eastern culture is the education system. Individual and social issues are eternal cultural and social development of humanity for tens of thousands of years. The, Similarities Between Western And Eastern Cultures, The term “behavior” refers one’s acts dominated by ideology in response to certain situations. Thus, the longitudinal relationship connects individuals in society into a unified whole. If Western philosophy aims to promote or even absolutize the role and position of the individual, Eastern philosophy, which asserts the dialectical relationship between individual and society, aims at collectivism. Cultural Differences Between Eastern And Western Culture 1081 Words | 5 Pages. Theoretically, the author's issue is to illustrate the correctness of the dialectical view between the individual and society. In particular, society plays a decisive role towards the individual because the nature of the social organization is to solve the relationship of interests in order to create the highest possibility for individuals to carry out activities and stimulate the development. Professor Tran Dinh Huou in the essay âAbout the issue of finding special ethnic cultureâ said that the long-term stability of the village is the basis for the village community to maintain and consolidate. In Nakane Chie's book named âHuman Relations in a Longitudinal Societyâ the term âlongitudinal societyâ is used to express the uniqueness of personal relationships in Japanese society. These issues range from political, economic and military stances to opposing cultural beliefs. Eastern culture uses the spiritual and missionary approach of searching inside oneself for answers through meditation whereas western culture takes on a pragmatic and emotional approach in searching outside oneself through research and analysis. Society is the foundation of personal activities. At work, the Japanese believe that success or failure is not the idea, the result of an individual but of the community. Over time and multiple emperors, the empire slowly decayed, financially and politically. Secondly, in Eastern culture, it is not intended to characterize individuals as strongly as in the Western but to focus on maintaining the harmony among individuals and always put the individual in social relationships. Tran Dinh Huou (2007). In the history of Vietnamese society, the community is associated with the entire life of Vietnamese farmers. I gathered information not only from the class module, but books, Ayaan Hirsi Ali speaks of honor killings and forced marriages in Middle Eastern society in the The AHA Foundation 2nd Annual Conference. On the practical side, research has firstly oriented one of the basics of Eastern culture under the influence of the socio-economic condition when discussing the relationship between the individual and society. However, in the research community, this issue has not been concerned, discussed and built into a system to look into the whole. Because, in essence, Atman is a part, a different manifestation of Brahman in things and phenomena. Studying the issue is of great significance in both theoretical and practical aspects. Though my parents are not as strict as Jing-Mei’s, I am able to spot certain similarities in the mentalities that my parents and Jing-Mei’s mother share. The country is just one person, one family. It reflects the determinants of social existence to social consciousness, making a difference from Western culture. Through the exchanges between K.Marx and F.Engels, the mode of production in Asia has the following basic characteristics: Thus, the âAsian mode of productionâ is the primitive form of class society in the East. These contrasts differently, Many countries have different religions and cultures. Due to the history of the nation, the fate of individuals must be attached to the destiny of the community and society. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. First let us define the terms of society and culture. From a personal perspective, social consciousness and responsibility are not only a virtue, a criterion of truth but also a constituent element of human personality. It is the apostolic state. Individuals stand behind the community to increase their strength and therefore personal responsibility, individuality does not have conditions to express themselves. Historically, the Chinese nation was built on blood relations. The comparison between eastern and western culture shows that western education focuses on creativity and allows individuals to develop as much as they can. In a society that does not recognize individuals as a independent, self-reliant character but selfish so individuals tend to adapt to exist, to form contradictive personality in a complete unity. Philosophy and culture are seen as effective means of communicating about individualism. Individuals can neither stand outside of society nor be opposed to society. Soseki expressed through his characters how Western values, such as self-awareness … With many profound changes in the history and characteristics inherent in daily life and culture, one of the striking features of Chinese philosophy is the special attention to the socio-political issues. Thus, his doctrine of natural rights which outlined the fundamental rights all humans should enjoy: life, liberty, and property... Locke rejected the divine right of kings to rule, and argued for constitutional government to limit the power of the monarch thus preserving the natural rights of citizens. Individuals in society are responsible for adhering to the principles of objectivity, which are dedication, loyalty, and harmony. Collectivism – individuals are part of a group and the needs of the group come before the individual. Each individual is influenced in their life by social relations, aspirations and their own benefits as well as being encompassed in the generals as a part of society's nature. The birth of the Upanishad marked the transition from religious mythology to philosophical thought [ 6; p.68]. In particular, from around the 17th to 18th centuries - the age of the philosophical French enlightenment, along with the strong development of capitalism with private ownership, the individualism emerged and gradually became a lifestyle in the culture of the Westerners. Thus, the Vietnamese existed and struggled for over a thousand years in the North and against the North. First of all, the concept of âfamilyâ is not only understood as the family as it is today, but it also is linked to the dukes and nobles regime from the Spring and Autumn Period. When publicly appearing, individuals are collective people showing respect and protecting the common interest. These cultures were developed together for some time, but after some time they are really different. When analyzing the current relationship between eastern and western cultures, it seems as if tensions and conflict arise from a complex and layered set of problems. Western and Eastern Cosmologies Similarities and differences in society. This shows a close connection between family and nation in Chinese culture. Atman is the entity that causes men to transcend all things. Eventually, the empire was split into Eastern and Western portions in the hopes to ease political and economic struggles. Another interrelated difference between Eastern and Western education is how learning itself is seen as a mean to an end. Society is nothing but an organised group of people who live together and are connected with one another. Under the influence of Confucianism, the Japanese are always bound by this relationship: on the one hand, it is protection, on the other, is the subtle and loyal. The society is formed by the connection between individuals. Behavior derives from the long development of culture in which people are defined what is supposed to act based on the identity given. The Relationship between the Individual and Society in Eastern Culture. The world we live in is made out of a vast differing quality of distinctive societies. This affirmed the characteristic of Eastern culture in relation to the West. Sadly, due to massive size, the power the Roman Empire possessed hardly served to last. http://www.earlymoderntexts.com/assets/pdfs/locke1689a.pdf. Brahman is the universal soul, the Supreme Self, the absolute, the first and only, the immortal, the creative which dominate all things, the deep enmity of all existence, the origin of everything and of all things merging when existing in this world. Thus government develops at the consent of the governed and can be dissolved if the citizens believe that their government fails to act in their best interests. For example, a group meeting at 10 a.m. could range from 9:45 to 10:15, and it is not looked down upon to be a little late. Natsume Soseki, one of my favorite authors, wrote about how Western culture shaped individuality in modern Japan. Students from eastern cultures often excel academically when in a western … The first definition of cosmology is: “the branch of philosophy dealing with the origin and general structure of the universe, with its parts, elements, and laws, and especially with such of its characteristics as space, time, causality, and freedom (Drew).” The second definition of cosmology is: “the branch of astronomy that deals with the, In the story “Two Kinds” by writer Any Tan, we read of a young girl, Jing-Mei, who was raised in Western society by her almost stereotypical Chinese mother. In Eastern education, achievement is linked to struggle and hard work. In other words, one’s behavior sometimes is the demonstration of one’s identity. 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Administrative Publishing House these two terms are commonly encountered in the simple words, family... Means you can achieve anything if you work hard enough are those that the! Education focuses on creativity and allows individuals to develop as much as can... Extensively in this article “ difference between western and Eastern cultures vs. western cultures with GoAbroad cultural... Attention to maintain harmony, consensus, face and prestige also, they are really different.. To cultivate virtue, practice virtue to serve family, clan [ 5, p.67.... Brahman, based on the landforms of the Chinese philosophical doctrines focus on creative.. Of socialism society and lesser love marriages of that society interested in empathy and.... Certain limit then it can lead to social consciousness, making a difference from culture... Family is echoed by their attachment to the village community was a British philosopher with a work... Nation was built on blood relations productivity, Indians are interested in empathy and emotion intervention social... By Geographic location also the child background and family environment strong as the development, there are boundaries restrict! Of my favorite authors, wrote about how western culture means Asia and the western shows!